Serengeti National Park is located about 320 kilometers northwest of Arusha. On a high plateau between the Ngorongoro highlands and the Kenya/ Tanzania, border. The Park is the home to the greatest wildlife spectacle on earth. the great migration of wildebeest and zebra. The resident population of lions, cheetah, elephant, giraffe, and birds. Moreover, the Serengeti has a variety of scenery. Including plains, lakes, hills, and rock outcrops are known as Kopjes. There are three parts of the park. The Maasai named the famous southern/central part (Seronera Valley) the “Sirengit,” or “land of endless plains.” It’s a classic savannah, with acacia trees and plenty of wildlife. The Grumeti River runs through the western corridor. Which is more forested and densely forested. The Lobo region in the north reaches the Masai Mara Reserve in Kenya.
The great Serengeti wildebeest migration is a mass movement of wildebeest, zebra, and smaller numbers of Grant’s gazelle, Thomson’s gazelle, eland, and impala through the Serengeti plains. Every year, over a million wildebeest, zebra, and antelope move clockwise around the Serengeti-Maasai Mara ecosystem. Making it one of the world’s most spectacular natural events. Tanzania (Serengeti National Park) and Kenya (Masai Mara). The movement is annual and reasonably stable since it is entirely based on the annual rainfall patterns. They migrate in search of new grazing, as well as time for birthing, courting, and mating.
The herds begin their journey north, passing through Moro Kopjes and the Central Serengeti in search of fresh water and grazing land. The Central Serengeti region is extremely crowded in May, with a large number of wildebeest, zebras, and gazelles to be seen. It’s mating season in May and June, and wildebeest are migrating west of Seronera towards Lake Victoria. You can see a lot of males battling each other in Seronera because they are competing for females.
Once a year, this is when the great wildebeest migration begins. Over two million migratory animals, including wildebeest, zebra, eland, and Thompson gazelle, migrate clockwise from the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Tanzania to the Northern Serengeti in Kenya and back. This migration path occurs because they follow the rains and, as a result, the new grasses that emerge quickly. The Ndutu region is known for its short grass plains, which produce grass that is especially high in nutrients and sustains migratory animals while they give birth. During the green season, you can see herds of wildebeest and zebra. On these plains, half a million calves are born between late January and March. You can see a lot of predators during these months, who are more interesting in the herds and their calves.
Due to the presence of hungry crocodiles and a fast-flowing river, wildebeest, and zebras find it most difficult and risky to cross the river. There is a life-or-death struggle between predators and prey, and this dramatic crossing occurs often when herds cross the Mara River. The migration travels south again in October, passing through Loliondo and the Lobo region on its way to the Southern Serengeti, where the cycle begins all over again.